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Ritu Hospital


Diabetology & Nutrition

Every organism, including humans, uses food to support its life. Consumption of food leads to biochemical and physiological processes by which we use food to provide us with nutrients. The food is metabolized to create energy and chemical structures.

Nutrients are substances that provide energy and physical components to the organism, allowing for its survival, growth, and reproduction. Basic elements or intricate macromolecules can be nutrients. Inadequate availability of nutrients causes malnutrition and results in several health conditions.

One of the most common outcomes of poor nutrition is diabetes : Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to the onset of diabetes. Inability to maintain the normal release of insulin by the pancreatic beta cells can be a factor leading to diabetes. Diabetes is initiated by the onset of insulin resistance.

Other issues that arise from poor nutrition:
Anaemia by iron deficiency. Not enough of haemoglobin, the red colour compound of blood of which the iron ion is a compound, is formed by a deficit of the Fe3 + ion. Iodine(hypothyroid) deficiency causes Endemic goitre enlargement of the thyroid gland (at the front of the neck) . Starting young (due to the mother’s preexisting deficit), the child grows into a slow, fat dwarf (cretin).

Kwashiorkor meaning ‘red boy’, because the disease loses the pigment of for example the skin and the hair. This is a serious result of protein deficiency in food. This leads to oedema for example: a swollen stomach, as a result of stomach fluid leaking into the abdomen when it is not kept in the lymph’s by insufficient osmotic suction of proteins; furthermore, it leads to apathy and irritability.

Marasmus Emaciation by serious caloric malnutrition. loss of hypodermic fat, decreasing muscle volume (hypo trophy and atrophy).

Vitamin A deficiency an avitaminosis. The most noticeable symptom is xerophthalmy, or blisters on the cornea, which can lead to blindness. Along with this, there are many millions of people with night blindness (nyctalopia) by a deficiency of vitamin A. This vitamin generates the rhodopsinogen, which, transmitted into rhodopsin, gives impulses in the retina’s rods. These are then led to the cerebral cortex, which results in the sensation of light. The rods provide us the only light sensation (black and white) in the night. Skin abnormalities are already caused by a little deficiency.

Vitamin B1 preferably called now thiamine. The disease causes neuritis, weakness, and tiredness.

Our Expert Consultants

Dr. Adinarayana U
Consultant Diabetologist & Nutrition